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Unit IV Review Sheet
Human Anatomy and Physiology

This is not designed to replace  your class notes and/or chapter outlines!!
although it will certainly help

This is a good review site for this Unit: PATTS anatomy page

Digestive system:
Anatomy of the system - know the organs
How food moves through the system - peristalsis
How are we like a donut?

Circulatory System:
Basic parts of closed circ sys - pump, vessels, transport medium (blood)
Anatomy (chambers and musculature) and flow of blood through the heart
definitions and characteristics of the blood vessels
            Veins, arteries, capillaries
the four components of blood - characteristics and functions
Lymph ->plasma->Intercellular fluid
cell recognition and the immune response
        basics of white blood cells
        vaccinations/immunizations - how do they work?
        1st, 2nd and 3rd lines of defense

Respiratory system:
Anatomy of the system
 Lung capacity
            How is it measured?
            3 types of lung capacity  Check out the lung capacity lab here
respiratory surfaces
what gases are exchanged and how
difference between "breathing" and "respiration."
        how the two terms are connected
function of cilia and mucus
inhalation and exhalation - muscles involved

Excretory system:
Liver - why does blood from the small intestine flow through the liver before going anywhere else?
        Detoxification, deamination of amino acids (urea, amino acids etc.)
Skin sweat (dilute urine) and heat
Lungs CO2, H2O and heat
Urinary system
Kidneys and urinary bladder  urine contents (water, urea, salt, excess vitamins, nutrients, proteins, etc.)

Nervous system:
Get the nervous regulation class handout here

Get Nervous Regulation Vocab Sheet here

Stimulus and response
neurotransmitters and the synapse
Nerve cells
Recognize diagram of motor neuron
        direction of impulse flow
nerve impulses
Reflex arcs
Major parts of the brain and basic function of each:
Cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla, corpus callosum

Endocrine system:

Compare and contrast nervous and endocrine regulation
Importance to maintaining homeostasis
Hormones in general
Feedback loops Click here for the overhead
liver-pancreas, glucogon-insulin, glycogen-glucose.
Pituitary gland
Insulin and glucose regulation Click here for the overhead