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Unit IV Review Sheet
Human Anatomy and Physiology
This is not designed to replace
your class notes and/or chapter outlines!!
although it will certainly help
This is a good review site for this Unit: PATTS anatomy page
Anatomy of the system - know the organs
How food moves through the system - peristalsis
How are we like a donut?
Basic parts of closed circ sys - pump, vessels, transport medium (blood)
Anatomy (chambers and musculature) and flow of blood through the heart
definitions and characteristics of the blood vessels
Veins, arteries, capillaries
the four components of blood - characteristics and functions
Lymph ->plasma->Intercellular fluid
cell recognition and the immune response
basics of white blood cells
vaccinations/immunizations - how do they work?
1st, 2nd and 3rd lines of defense
Anatomy of the system
How is it measured?
3 types of lung capacity Check out the lung capacity lab here
what gases are exchanged and how
difference between "breathing" and "respiration."
how the two terms are connected
function of cilia and mucus
inhalation and exhalation - muscles involved
Liver - why does blood from the small intestine flow through the liver before going anywhere else?
Detoxification, deamination of amino acids (urea, amino acids etc.)
Skin à sweat (dilute urine) and heat
Lungs à CO2, H2O and heat
Kidneys and urinary bladder à urine à contents (water, urea, salt, excess vitamins, nutrients, proteins, etc.)
Get the nervous regulation class handout here
Get Nervous Regulation Vocab Sheet
Stimulus and response
neurotransmitters and the synapse
Recognize diagram of motor neuron
direction of impulse flow
Major parts of the brain and basic function of each:
Cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla, corpus callosum
Compare and contrast nervous and endocrine regulation
Importance to maintaining homeostasis
Hormones in general
Feedback loops Click here for the overhead
liver-pancreas, glucogon-insulin, glycogen-glucose.
Insulin and glucose regulation Click here for the overhead