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Unit IV Review Sheet
Human Anatomy and Physiology

This is not designed to replace  your class notes and/or chapter outlines!!
although it will certainly help

This is a good review site for this Unit: PATTS anatomy page

Tissues:
epithelial, connective, visceral (muscle, nervous, etc.)

Digestive system:

Anatomy of the system
Alimentary canal and accessory glands, appendix
How food moves through the system
Chemical vs. mechanical digestion
Enzymes
Salivary amylase, gastric juice, pepsin, pancreatic juice, bile, and intestinal juice
What is a nutrient
Where do different nutrients get digested/absorbed
Digestion vs. absorption
Chemical vs. mechanical digestion (where and what)
Adaptations for increased surface area

Circulatory System:

closed vs. open circulation
Basic parts of closed circ sys - pump, vessels, transport medium (blood)
Anatomy (chambers and musculature) and flow of blood through the heart
definitions and characteristics of the blood vessels
            Veins, arteries, capillaries
the four components of blood - characteristics and functions
Blood types and transfusions - antigens and antibodies present in each type (ABO)
cell recognition and the immune response
        antigens, antibodies
        basics of B and T cells
        immunity - passive and active
                immunizations
AIDS

Respiratory system:

Anatomy of the system
Asthma and lung capacity
            How is it measured?
            3 types of lung capacity
respiratory surfaces
adaptations for increased surface area
what gases are exchanged and how
difference between "breathing" and "respiration."
        how the two terms are connected
function of cilia and mucus
inhalation and exhalation - muscles involved --> diaphragm and intercostals

Excretory system:

Liver - why does blood from the small intestine flow through the liver before going anywhere else?
        Detoxification, bile, deamination (urea, amino acids etc.)
Skin sweat and heat
Lungs CO2, H2O and heat
Urinary system
Kidneys anatomy, nephron
reabsorption vs. filtration
urine contents

Nervous system:

Get the nervous regulation class handout here

Get Nervous Regulation Vocab Sheet here

Stimulus and response
receptor and effector
neurotransmitters and the synapse
Nerve cells
Recognize diagram and parts of motor neuron
        Cyton, dendrites, axon, myelin sheath, synapse
nerve impulses
Reflex arcs
Parts of the brain - location and basic function
cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla, corpus calosum, spinal cord

Endocrine system:

Compare and contrast nervous and endocrine regulation
Importance to maintaining homeostasis
Hormones in general
Feedback loops Click here for the overhead
liver-pancreas, glucogon-insulin, glycogen-glucose.
Pituitary gland
Insulin and glucose regulation Click here for the overhead